In ages past, pagan worship was often presented within a circle, whether a stone carving, structure or a topographic artifact formed on the earth’s surface.  Today’s “crop circle” phenomenon may offer a persuasive explanation of their origins.

Around the world, there are strange, circular artifacts associated with pagan centers of worship.  Some – such as Stonehenge in England – are very, very ancient.  Similarly, the medicine wheels of the ancient North American Indians, the barrows, mounds and discs of Europe, and the circular worship centers of the Middle East have long fired the curiosity and imagination of archaeologists.  Investigators’ questions about the origins of such worship have often gone without an answer.  But the interesting and meritorious suggestion is that today, there is a current phenomenon that may bring us very close to the reason why ancient man worshipped the circle.  This wondrous event occurs on a worldwide basis, usually in fields of growing seed or grain crops.  It has come to be called the “crop circle.”  Overnight, circles and mysterious designs appear in fields of growing crops, cut with amazing precision and artistry.  Contemporary groups devoted

to pagan worship have pronounced them to be messages from the “gods” – harbingers of the dawning New Age of spiritual awakening.  In a sense, they worship these

In growing crops of cereal grain and various seed crops, mysterious circles appear overnight.  Their overall appearance and microscopic anomalies baffle scientists.  Who makes them, and how have they influenced the world’s religions?

contemporary occurrences.  But there is some evidence to suggest that this event is, in fact, simply the modern recurrence of a very ancient, perhaps common event.  The worship circle as a mystical symbol has a long and fascinating history.  It’s meaning, once we define it in modern terms, is quite clear and amazingly visible.  Furthermore, the pagan circle speaks volumes about the days in which we now live.  It is perhaps the most forceful symbol of the fact that we occupy the closing days of the Christian era.  Let us begin to clarify this symbol with a look at worship in ages past.  Let’s deal with the question:  What is the origin of the pagan, circular altar?

The Circular High Place 

The Bible speaks of certain centers of pagan worship, known as “high places.”  This designation comes from the Hebrew word “bamah,” which denotes a ridge or geographic elevation, such as a hill.  Commonly, such places were associated with the false religions of the Canaanites.  But they also referred to Israelite centers of worship, prior to Solomon’s building of the first Temple.  For example, in Ramah, the city of Samuel the prophet, there was a hill designated as a high place.  As related in 1 Kings chapter 9, Saul’s men once inquired about the whereabouts of Samuel and were told:

“And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: make haste now, for he came to day to the city; for there is a sacrifice of the people to day in the high place” (1 Samuel 9:12).

As they entered into the city, Samuel was journeying out to the high place, and invited Saul to join him.  It was in this setting that Saul was chosen as king.  This high place is described as a hill which was set apart as a center of sacrifice and intercession.  However, in ancient Israel, high places were found in various situations, independent of geographical setting.  Some of them were even located in valleys.  In general, these places of worship were so designated because they had become formalized in the shape of raised, circular platforms or altars, built large enough to perform the various sacrificial rites.  Their function had been established in time immemorial by the various Canaanite tribes who dedicated them to pagan worship.  First as hills, then later as circular altars, they were designated as centers of sacrifice to the ancient pagan gods.  As the Israelites took possession of the land, these pagan altars were destroyed.  Many formerly pagan centers were dedicated to the worship of the true biblical God by the Israelites.  But in the days of Solomon, they began to degenerate into that usage once again.  In Solomon’s declining years, his wives turned his heart toward their false worship as Ashtoreth and Milcom or Molech

“Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon” (1 Kings 11:7).

Solomon’s actions resulted in divine judgment for Israel, as the Lord began to strengthen his enemies.  Bur during his early years, Solomon had raised the kingdom to it’s highest level, fortifying it’s cities and building the glorious first Temple.  Among these places was the magnificent fortress city of Megiddo.  It, along with Hazor and Gezer, were fortified

The round altar at Megiddo may be one of those built by Solomon to satisfy the religious desires of his foreign wives.

as a part of Solomon’s military network that protected vital trade routes.  To this day, there remains an excavated artifact at Megiddo that testifies of Solomon’s apostasy.  It is a circular high place whose mute presence remains as a reminder that among even God’s very elect, constant spiritual vigilance is necessary.  More than that, it displays the pagan preoccupation with the circle of worship.  No matter where we go in the ancient world, circular structures are there to remind us that they were built in imitation of some higher, more prominent phenomenon.

Rogem Hiri 

Due south of Mount Hermon, on the Golan Heights, a huge stone ruin is laid out on the ground.  In ancient days, it was doubtless a well-built fortress-like structure.  It is fabricated in the shape of five concentric stone circles.  The outermost circle is almost a third of a mile (about 1,700 feet) in diameter.  In every way, it fits the description of a high place.  At it’s center is a circular, raised platform, over 60 feet in diameter.  Though the site is long deserted, and for thousands of years has been cannibalized for building materials, it is still estimated to contain over 125,000 cubic feet of stones.  Some range in size up to several tons.  It’s origins are lost in antiquity.  Writing in a past edition of a July/August Biblical/Archaeological Review, Yonathan Mizrachi notes, “One scholar went so far as to identify the complex as the tomb of Og, the king of Bashan, the last of the race of giants known as the Rephaim.”  Others point out that if the Rephaim built the site, they were probably using an earlier foundation.  Archaeologists date the age of the site at

“somewhere in the third millennium” B.C.  Before a tomb was constructed at it’s center, it was probably used as a high place of pagan worship.  It is known that it’s concentric walls were built prior to the central building.  Mr. Mizrachi writes, “In the early Bronze

Were the partitioned concentric walls of Rogem Hiri built to imitate something else?  They strangely resemble other pagan centers dating back to the third millennium B.C.

Age (mid-third millennium B.C.), a large ceremonial center was erected at Rogem Hiri.  The complex reflects care in engineering and design, and there is little doubt that the alignments of the architecture were intentional and were meant to symbolize notions of religion and cosmology.  They may also have been meant to record culturally significant alignments, such as those associated with the agricultural calendar by using the entryways and the radial walls as indicators.”  Here, we see an associated function of the typical high place.  It also functions as a center for worshipping the heavenly bodies.  Old world deities were often associated with the sun, moon, stars and planets.  The strange wanderings of the planets were thought to yield clues to the movements of gods, linked to agriculture, fertility, war and so on.

Circles and Astro-Archaeology

Several books have been written on the subject of the strange building in England, known as Stonehenge.  Even in it’s present decrepit condition, it excites the imagination.  Those who have studied it say that it could have taken over a thousand years to build.  It’s carefully hewn stones were quarried and hauled many miles to the construction site.  They are so enormous that the method of transport is open to wild speculation.  It’s construction is supposed to have begun about 2700 B.C., but many simply consign it to the third millennium B.C., like Rogem Hiri and hundreds of other similar examples.  It’s original purpose is shrouded in the mists of time.  But it’s structure is unmistakable.  It is a veritable tribute to the mystical properties of the circle.  Many have noted it’s ties to the ancient pagan Druids, practitioners of which still flock to Stonehenge at the time of the summer solstice, when it’s major axis lines up with the rising sun.  Others, such as England’s former astronomer royal, Fred Hoyle, have called it the work of a genius – a “first class” astronomical observatory.  In fact, though it is known to line up with planets and stars at various times, no one is really sure of it’s meaning.  What is generally agreed upon is that it is a high place of some ancient religious worship.  It is yet another of the more than 600 ancient stone circles with astronomical alignments known to exist throughout Europe.  As far back as 1740, Dr. William Stukely observed the astronomical connections of these circles.  But since the invention of the computer, many more alignments have been recorded, giving birth to the growing field of astro-archaeology.  Astronomer E.C. Krupp has said that these stone circles “are wordless but emphatic evidence of our ancestors’ energetic pursuit of the sky and stars.  They mark the same kind of commitment that transported us to the moon and our spacecraft to the surface of Mars.”  But wait a minute Mr. Krupp – How is it that three to five thousand years ago (give or take a few years), the builders of these megaliths knew so much about astronomy and mathematics?  And why are their sites so permeated with pagan artifacts such as disk-shaped, spiral and triangular carvings?  Virtually all of the experts link these sites to some form of pagan worship.  They seem to have been what the Bible calls “high places.”

Avebury and Silbury

About 17 miles to the northeast of Stonehenge, there is an astonishing circular earthwork that covers over 28 acres.  It is the village of Avebury, encircled by a moat over 20 feet deep and 70 feet wide.  Inside the circle are the partial remains of two monolithic circles just like those found at Stonehenge.  The outside circle is about 1,200 feet in diameter!  Once again, this center fits the description of the typical ancient high place.  Furthermore, all of this construction was supposed to have been accomplished by an ignorant agricultural society, using stone tools.  If so, they must have unflaggingly devoted their entire lives to their construction.  This, alone, would qualify their work as religious in nature, since such labor would have paid paltry returns, in terms of putting food on the table.  At Avebury, we find megaliths, earthworks, stone monuments to astronomical alignments and even a small ancient village.  It would seem to have been the very model for an ancient priestly dynasty, devoting their lives to the worship of gods who required a circular hall of worship.  Just a mile to the south of Avebury lies Silbury Hill.  It is a mammoth monument, built by hand, apparently with primitive tools.  It is more than 500 feet in diameter and 130 feet high, perfectly cone-shaped and flat on top.  It is perhaps the high place to end all high places!  Some have theorized that it was a burial mound for an ancient high chieftan.  But no trace of a tomb has ever been found

Only a mile from Avebury and seventeen miles from Stonehenge, Silbury Hill was built by hand.  It is perhaps the ultimate example of a high place.

there.  However, it’s circular top presents the perfect veneration of the ancient circular altar to the gods.  A common pagan religion once flourished.  It left visible traces throughout Europe and the Middle East.  All we know now of such pagan religions is that they were devoted to various tribal pagan gods.  These gods demanded cruel sacrifice – children, maidens, flocks and crops – in order that the tribe be allowed to continue it’s very existence.  But with the coming of Christianity, such worship was wiped out – relegated to the dusty archives of history.  These religions were not even remembered until the science of archaeology brought them once again to the surface.

The Mystery of the Medicine Wheels

In ancient North America, similar stone circles are found.  Called “medicine wheels,” they are linked to ancient pagan religious worship, as well as astronomical alignment.  The term “medicine” generally refers to the activities of a shaman or sorcerer.  This term denotes one who is keeper of a tribe’s great spiritual secrets.  The medicine wheel was thought to give one power over the forces of nature and the physical world in general.  These ancient wheels date back far beyond recorded history – some of them perhaps to the era of Europe’s stone circles.  And, like their European cousins, they have been documented to calculate astronomical events with amazing accuracy.  America’s best-known medicine wheel was featured in the January, 1997 National Geographic magazine.  It lies on a flat plateau near the top of a 10,000 foot peak in Wyoming’s Bighorn Mountains.  It consists of thousands of large stones that have been arranged into the shape of a 28-spoked wheel, 80 feet in diameter.  The ancient circle is steeped in enigma.  As John Eddy writes for the National Geographic …  “But no one really knew who made it, or when, or why.  When archaeologists came to see the site early in this century, they asked the local crow tribesmen what they knew of the formation.  The answers were enigmatic – ‘It was here when we came .’  ‘It was built by people who had no iron.’  ‘The sun built it to show people how to build a tepee.’  In time, legends grew.  Fanciful explanations attributed it to Aztecs, Hindus, errant Chinese, Phoenicians, even to pre-Columbian members of the Masonic Lodge.  To the Shoshone Indians it was the home of the ‘Little People,’ who supposedly lived in caverns beneath the wheel and survived on the meat of the bighorn sheep.”  This last comment is quite interesting.  It links the circle with a mysterious occultic people.  It is easily observed that virtually all of the world’s ancient stone worship circles are connected with the occult in one way or another.  Like Stonehenge, the Bighorn medicine wheel points out the summer solstice.  It also points out the bright stars Sirius, Al debaran, and Rigel at their solstice rising.  Actually, it is now known that the Wyoming circle was laid down around 1500 A.D.  Others are perhaps

During an eight-week period in 1988, an astounding 51 crop circles were found within seven miles of Silbury Hill.  It is not a coincidence that a large percentage of these crop circles appear near ancient “high places.”

2,000 years old or thereabout.  In it’s heyday, it was part of a system of similar circles that networked across the land.  For their respective tribes, they functioned as centers of power.  Might we term them “high places?”  For us today, it is most interesting that this once-outmoded concept is coming back into vogue.  New-Agers now fervently speak of “power centers,” where the spiritual climate is supposed to foster paranormal events.  Very often, these are the selfsame centers once revered by the tribal shamans of old.  And the “little people” themselves seem to be making a comeback.  Demons posing as wise overseers are only an ancient illusion in modern clothing.

Where Are Today’s Power Circles?     

Around the world, similar contemporary “circles of power” are being laid down every day.  They exhibit a symmetry and geometry that nears perfection.  Like their ancient cousins, they are linked to both the earth and the stars.  They are said to be giving mankind vital spiritual information, if only he will rise to the occasion and listen.  Occultists herald their appearance as epoch-making.  They are seen around the world, but are significantly concentrated in certain areas.  They are called “crop circles.”  Very simply, they are the ring-like and geometrically-linked circle formations sculpted into growing field crops by powers unknown.  They appear virtually overnight and are connected with a variety of paranormal events, including the appearance of mysterious lights in the sky.  I would suggest that they are not so much a high-tech phenomenon as it is more likely that they are a re-visitation of the ancient pagan “gods” of old.  These, of

Pagan worshippers believe that Stonehenge is the source of mystical powers.  Amazingly and quite peculiar is the fact that it lies practically at the center of the crop circle phenomenon.

course, would be the hoards of evil spirits luring ignorant men to false worship.  They are the demonic spirits mentioned in biblical scripture.  In descending rank, they obey their leader – “the prince of the power of the air” (Ephesians 2:2).  Though already defeated, he has the ability to project a type of power that appeals to the imagination of man in his fallen state.  Thus, Satan’s main thrust is to produce the illusion of power. It is this sort of power that is vigorously sought by shamans, witch doctors, New Age priests and priestesses, seers, visionaries, trance channelers and the like, and it is rapidly increasing, both in variety and boldness.  Mystery circles have appeared all over the world throughout the centuries.  They have been burned into bare earth and grass, and woven into tall crops.  But in the twentieth century and on into the current new century at present time, they have rapidly multiplied.  They have been observed in Russia, Canada, North and South America, Australia, Switzerland, France and England.  However, beginning in the early 1980s, their emergence has been nothing short of spectacular.  The locations they have chosen are quite revealing.  In particular, southern England is the focus of the most overt activity.  “Believers” in the phenomenon say that it is the prelude to open contact between humans and aliens from outer space.  Some New Age voices are strong in their opinion that the circles are power centers – so powerful that in some instances, “magnetism” may be felt within the boundaries of a circle and sounds can be heard.  But here is an amazing and significant fact:  Among the major crop circle sites, there have been eighteen occurrences within a few miles of the ancient

Stonehenge is aligned with the midsummer sunrise.  Also, it’s outer circle calculates the lunar eclipse cycle.  New Agers say that priests spoke it’s stones into place with a word of command.

circular English high places:  Stonehenge, Avebury, Silbury Hill and many others.  This obvious connection raises a natural question.  Namely, could the ancient pagans have gotten the inspiration for their worship centers by observing the phenomenon of the supernatural circle?  It makes perfect sense that they would have imitated this natural shape, had it appeared in their crops as it does in modern fields.  This would certainly explain the circular man-made high places that we see from ancient times past.  To the pagan mind, such a supernatural manifestation would immediately become a point of contact with the “gods.”  Today’s pagan mentality makes virtually the same leap of faith.  And, after all, less than five percent of modern English society is Christian.  What is the difference between a god of the field or forest and an alien from Alpha Centauri?  They are both presumed superior in intellect and power, and are able to bring forth strange signs that are only dimly understood by humans.  In fact, a good case can be made that the New Age movement is simply a system of worship that centers itself on the “space brothers,” rather than the God of the Bible.  The worship of “star rising” has simply become the worship of “star visitors.”  The theme of power from the stars is unchanged.  This worldwide advent of crop circles finally assumed such prominence that it forced a media response.  Skeptics came forward in droves.  The circles were explained variously as the result of gravity, piezo-electric generation. gaseous pressure build-up (swamp gas?), electric potential differences, mechanical pressure, centrifugal force, tidal breathing, volcanic pressure, steam pressure and the mating of ground hogs to name just a few.  Then came the erstwhile pair known as Dave and Doug – denizens of the English pub – who announced that with poles, chains and boards, they had gone out into the dark of

Wyoming’s Bighorn Medicine Wheel marks the summer solstice.  It is also aligned with other major heavenly events.  It was used to worship the sun, moon and stars.

night and made all the circles themselves.  To an obliging media, they demonstrated their process, which, though it couldn’t produce a single convincing circle, nevertheless convinced a gullible world.  But, in fact, the crops are laid down in complex, sometimes interwoven patterns.  Their designs are becoming increasingly complex.  Even the most brittle crop stems are permanently bent, not broken.  And they continue to grow in their flattened condition.  When microscopically examined, the bends demonstrate that the stems became plastic during the bending process, only to harden again.  This single fact is contrary to all human horticultural and biological knowledge.  In other words, there is not a snowball’s chance in the lowest part of Hell that these crop circles could have been man made.

Fairy Rings     

In England, these mysterious circles have long been known as “fairy rings.”  Far from being storybook sweethearts, the denizens of fairyland were considered evil spirits.  It was (and still is) widely taught that children who wandered too close to the rings could be abducted.  After a time, the fairies would substitute one of their own evil kind, who exactly resembled the kidnapped human child.  Such beings were called “changelings.”  They would work the evil will of the fairies in the community.  The purportedly true story of Rhys and Llewellyn took place in the valley of Neath, Wales in 1825.  As they walked back to their village one night, Rhys told Llewellyn to stop and listen to the music.  His friend heard no music, thought it was all nonsense and said he was returning home.  Rhys stayed behind “to dance to the music,” as he put it.  Llewellyn came back alone.  The next day, some suspicious men of the village accused Llewellyn of murdering his companion and hiding the body.  They jailed him, awaiting his confession.  But the next day, “a farmer who was skilled in fairy matters” arrived at the truth.  He gathered several men and took them to the spot where Rhys had last been seen.  The grumbling men looked, but found nothing.  Suddenly, Llewellyn commanded them to be silent, saying that he heard “sweet harps.”  Everyone listened, but they heard nothing.  Then Llewellyn told them that the reason he could hear was because his foot rested on the edge of a fairy ring.  They took turns placing their feet atop his, and each in his turn heard the music too.  Not only that, they saw “little people” dancing in a circle about twenty feet in diameter.  Among the wee folk was Rhys.  On his next turn around the circle, Llewellyn yanked him out by his clothing.  Greatly confused, Rhys is said to have asked why the horses weren’t there, and why it was daylight.  Though two days had elapsed, he couldn’t be convinced that his dance had lasted more than five minutes.  As the story goes, he became depressed, fell ill, and died soon after that.  The worldwide annals of fairly lore are full of such tales.  The little people are sometimes called elves, trolls, djins, little children, sprites, etc.  In our “enlightened era,” we might simply call them “little green men.”  On this subject, there is a well-known passage in the writings of no less a man than Martin Luther.  In Table Talk, he informs one Prince of Anhalt that the latter should throw into the Moldau River a certain man who is, in his opinion, a

The radial swirl in many crop circles remains a puzzle to scientists.  Whatever produced it was revolving.

changeling, or a killcrop, as they were called in Germany.  A “killcrop?”  What a perfect name for an evil spirit who would routinely trample down a sizable ring in a perfectly good grainfield!  The land of the killcrop, the elf or the fairy is, in reality, the land of the demon.  Throughout ancient Europe, North America and the Middle East, circular mounds or altars were worshipped.  For centuries in Central America, the ancient fairies have been called “ikals.”  They are commonly thought to abduct people for their own, inexplicable reasons.  They are represented by a disk or cone of earth on the ground.  Sometimes, say the people, the disk flies.  In Denmark, the mounds of elves or fairies are commonly reported, as well as abductions.  The link to modern ufology, with it’s well-publicized abductions motif, is too strong to be ignored.

Heavenly Delusion  

Have you ever wondered how grown adults down through the ages could have been so deceived that they would sacrifice their own children on circular or disk-shaped altars called “high places?”  In the context of that which we now observe to be happening, it is not too difficult to figure out, after all.  For, if they were convinced that power emanated from such places, they would gladly give up their dearest possession to obtain even a tiny glimpse of a precious eternity.  Led on in delusion, they would finally kill even themselves.  Like the prophets of Baal who cut themselves with knives and prophesied in vain, they were fully convinced that they had access to power, even if they had to injure themselves to obtain it.  In reality, their false gods offered only the skillful illusion of power.  It is this illusion that will, at last, bring man’s darkest hour – as the evil spirits from the heavens and the bottomless pit are finally released to plague mankind.  In the midst of all this, the “man of sin” (the biblical Antichrist himself), will advance to rule the world …

Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.  And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie” (2 Thessalonians 2:9-11).

When Satan appeals to the mind of man, it is always on the basis of delusion.  Certainly to the unregenerate mind, it has the appearance of truth and power, but in reality, it is deceit and delusion.  The high places of old and the high places of the New Age are one and the same.  A pagan and demonic power center is the same now as it ever was.  Of course, the most valuable “high place” on the face of the earth is Mt. Zion.  To this day, it is strenuously contested, concerning just whose god will be worshipped there.  And on that still-future day, the Antichrist will stand in the holy of holies , claiming that he, himself, is God.  Jesus called this the “ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION,” as recorded in Matthew 24:15.  Perhaps, in the context of the evil high place,” we may at last come closer to the full scope and understanding of this horror.  The corrupt world is looking for that sinful center, where it may finally satisfy it’s lust for power.  It is looking for the perfect “high place.”  In the unfolding display of demonic power, we see the dark reflection of that which may shortly come.  This is yet another way of knowing that we live in the closing days of this era before divine judgment strikes the earth ala the book of Revelation and the end times of biblical scripture.

Back to the “Bamah” high places

In the beginning of this article, I shared how that the Bible speaks of certain centers of pagan worship known as “high places,” a designation that comes from the Hebrew word “Bamah.”  Unless you’ve been in a coma for the last decade or so and are just now coming out of it, America has had a president installed into the presidency with a very similar last name.  Is there a connection to be mined out here between him and the evil “high places” of biblical scripture?  Was God trying to tell us something?  Upon a deep, contemplating and informed observation of certain peculiarities of his presidency since his rise to power, there indeed seems to be.  Below are some very interesting observations made by one Perry Stone and Bill Cloud as they examine nuggets of truth concerning our former “President” Barack Obama and the peculiar turn this country, and in turn, the world, took during his reign.  Observed will be the seeming connection to the evil “high place” of biblical scripture and this former president. A word of caution or deeper truth mining concerning their conclusion of the matter would be their interpretation of the nugget they mined out in the four part video series below.  Although the nugget of truth they mined out is stunning in and of itself, their “high place” conclusion I would differ with, but would rather connect it to what I have discussed here today in this article.  But nonetheless, it is a four part video series that bears looking at very close if for nothing else than the powerful nuggets they have mined out.  The punchline of the “Bamah” high place comes in part 4, but the meat that builds it up will be seen in parts 1 through 3. With that said, enjoy the videos.




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